Our scope 1 and 2 emissions decreased in 2015 due to several emission reduction activities primarily through reductions in electricity use. Lighting retrofits (upgrading to LEDs) reduced energy consumption at 10 of our North American manufacturing plants. Refrigerant handling improvements further reduced scope 1 emissions, and HVAC improvements further reduced scope 2 emissions.
Scope 1 emissions were significantly reduced in 2015 due to our continued transition to higher efficiency service vehicles and hybrid sales vehicles. In 2015, the Ingersoll Rand fleet was comprised of more than 5,600 vehicles including trucks, vans, and sedans. Our fleet vehicles are used for sales, service delivery and other operational needs, and each is engineered specifically to meet our service delivery model.
As we continued our journey toward greater sustainability and reduced environmental impact, the Ingersoll Rand fleet focused on two key initiatives. The first was the standardization of service vehicles in order to improve the company’s ability to consistently place more efficient vehicles in service. This standardization has resulted in reducing our platform variance from 38 to 14 and our upfit variance from 485 possible configurations to under 100. This aligns with our continued investment in engineering to reduce vehicle weight and improve our impact on the environment.
Our second key initiative was increasing the number of hybrid vehicles in the non-service category. In 2015 we increased the number of hybrid units by 17 percent, with an expectation to convert another 40 percent by 2017. Our objective is to move this category of vehicles from an average MPG of 21 to an average of 40 MPG. During 2015, we saw improvements in MPG and reduced CO2 emissions per vehicle.
We will continue to explore technologies such as telematics to provide opportunities such as route optimization and asset control; and continue to work with the business to better align vehicles to their needs. Since the beginning of our journey in 2013, we have reduced our emissions by more than 600 metric tons and generated fuel savings of greater than $3 million (USD).
|Total Direct Emissions (metric tons CO2e)|
|Total Direct GHG Emissions (Scope 1)||417,932||441,549||476,422|
|Total Indirect Emissions (metric tons CO2e)|
|Total Direct GHG Emissions (Scope 2)||243,424||251,079||260,353|
Scope 1 and 2 emissions encompass all of our manufacturing. We do not generate scope 3 emissions as part of the processing of our products. Therefore this emissions category is not relevant to Ingersoll Rand. However, GHG emissions and energy use related to the use of our products are material climate-related issues for the company. More than 90 percent of our product portfolio directly addresses demands for greater energy efficiency with lower greenhouse gas emissions in buildings, homes, industrial spaces and transport markets around the world.
In 2015 we launched the Ingersoll Rand EcoWise portfolio of products; the EcoWise endorsement is given to products with next-generation, low-global warming potential (GWP) refrigerants and high efficiency operation. The first products to earn the EcoWise endorsement include: Trane Sintesis air-cooled chiller; Trane Series E CenTraVac low pressure design chiller; and Thermo King truck and SLXe trailer refrigeration products with refrigerant that has half the GWP of prior generation refrigerant. These products are the direct result of our commitment to invest $500 million (USD) in product-related research and development through 2020 to fund long-term GHG emissions reductions.
This investment is driving our global commitment to reduce the greenhouse gas refrigerant footprint of products by 50 percent by 2020 and to incorporate lower global warming potential refrigerant alternatives across our product portfolio by 2030. To accomplish these goals, we are introducing products that are energy and operationally efficient, that use refrigerants with dramatically lower GWP and that do not compromise the safety, performance or efficiency that end users expect. These initiatives have reduced refrigerant-related emissions from our products by approximately two million metric tons over the past two years.
We make reducing energy use and improving the carbon footprint of our products two primary objectives of our sustainability efforts. Moving air consumes a large amount of energy - up to 60 percent of a building's overall energy use. HVAC and compressor systems alone are estimated to account for up to 30 percent or more of the energy consumed by commercial and industrial facilities. Given the prevalence of energy consuming Ingersoll Rand products in the built environment, energy efficiency is important to us.
Refrigerants are essential to many of our products, and there is a growing awareness and concern regarding the global warming potential of such materials. National, regional and international regulations and policies are being considered to curtail their use. As we begin to see regulations impeding the use of the current class of widely used refrigerants, we are planning for, and managing transitions to, sustainable solutions. We are already launching new products with significantly less GWP that are safe, energy efficient, cost effective and environmentally sound, ahead of regulations. We have partnered with a third party to develop a cloud-based carbon impact calculator that enables us to calculate use and disposal phase impact of the energy and refrigerant use of all our company’s products. Since 2013, we have achieved a 2 million metric tons CO2e avoidance in refrigerant-related emissions.
|GHG Emissions (metric tons CO2e)|
|Normalized Direct and Indirect GHG Emissions (Metric tons of CO2e per million USD net revenue)|
|Volume of significant Air Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) (Metric tons of CO2e)|
|Refrigerant GHG Emissions (metric tons CO2e)|
|Normalized Refrigerant Emissions (metric tons of CO2e per billion USD revenue)|
Thermo King announced its commitment to offer North American customers new options for trailer and self-powered transport refrigeration products with lower global warming potential (GWP), pending approval by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under the Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) program. The new units are part of the Ingersoll Rand EcoWise™ portfolio of products. They are energy-efficient and reliable, and use a next-generation refrigerant with about half the GWP of the refrigerant currently used for these applications.
We will continue to offer our North American customers Thermo King’s current line of transport refrigeration products, ensuring that optimum levels of service are available throughout the products’ lifecycle until customers are ready to transition. The new EcoWise products are currently available to customers in Europe, the Middle East and Africa, and more than 500 units were sold in their first three months on the market.